India halts Cough Syrup Production at Factory after Gambia Deaths

WHO report found the Maiden Pharmaceuticals medicine may be linked to the deaths of dozens of children in the African nation.

By DailyNewsUG Health Correspondent,

Indian authorities have halted production of cough syrup at a factory of Maiden Pharmaceuticals, a state minister said, after a World Health Organization (WHO) report said the medicine may be linked to the deaths of dozens of children in The Gambia.

The health minister in Haryana state, Anil Vij, on Wednesday said the authorities inspected a Maiden factory near the town of Sonipat in the state and found 12 violations of good practices. Production was ordered stopped, Vij said.

The WHO said last week that laboratory analysis of four Maiden products – Promethazine Oral Solution, Kofexmalin Baby Cough Syrup, Makoff Baby Cough Syrup and Magrip N Cold Syrup – had “unacceptable” amounts of diethylene glycol and ethylene glycol, which can be toxic and lead to acute kidney injury.

Gambian police, in a preliminary investigation report on Tuesday, said the deaths of 69 children from acute kidney injury were linked to the cough syrups made in India and imported via a United States-based company.

It is one of the worst such incidents involving drugs from India, often dubbed the “pharmacy of the world”.

News website Moneycontrol earlier quoted the Haryana drugs controller as saying in a report that Maiden did not perform quality testing of propylene glycol, diethylene glycol and ethylene glycol, while certain batches of propylene glycol did not have the manufacturing and expiry dates.

Diethylene glycol and ethylene glycol are used in antifreeze and brake fluids and other industrial applications but also as a cheaper alternative in some pharmaceutical products to glycerine, a solvent or thickening agent in many cough syrups.

Maiden executive Naresh Kumar Goyal declined to comment. He told Reuters news agency last week the company was trying to find out from its buyer what had happened in The Gambia.

Maiden says on its website it has an annual production capacity of 2.2 million syrup bottles, 600 million capsules, 18 million injections, 300,000 ointment tubes and 1.2 billion tablets at three factories.

It said it sells its products at home and exports to countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America.

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